Reasons to Believe

Universe Design

  • Fine-Tuning for Life on Earth (JUNE 2002)

    © 2002 Reasons To Believe

    Evidence for the Fine-Tuning of the Galaxy-Sun-Earth-Moon System for Life Support

    The environmental requirements for life to exist depend quite strongly on the life … more

  • Probabilities for Life on Earth (JUNE 2002)

    © 2002 Reasons To Believe

    An Estimate of the Probability for Attaining the Necessary Parameters for Life Support1-85

    Parameter

    Probability that feature will Fall in the required … more

  • Fine-Tuning for Life in the Universe (JUNE 2002)

    © 2002 Reasons To Believe

    For physical life to be possible in the universe, several characteristics must take on specific values, and these are listed below.1 In the case of several of these … more

  • Predictive Power: Confirming Cosmic Creation

    Scientists focus enormous effort on turning detections (observations and measurements) into predictions. Meteorologists use data to predict temperatures, wind, and precipitation. Astronomers use data … more

  • Missing Solar Neutrinos Found

    What makes the Sun shine? Where does Earth’s life-sustaining radiation originate? Astronomers answered these questions in part with the discovery of nuclear fusion, the same process that powers … more

  • Tolman's Elegant Test

    The cosmic characteristic most extensively described in the Bible is the ongoing expansion of the universe.1 No other holy book of the world's religions describes this feature, nor was it anticipated … more

  • Anthropic Principle: A Precise Plan for Humanity

    Human beings climb. Always have, always will. First hills, then mountains, then pinnacles so high they're called "death zones." That's as high as legs could carry them, but not high enough. So people … more

  • A Comment on Humility Theology

    The anthropic principle faces serious challenges from outside the disciplines of astronomy and physics. Many scholars in the humanities and social sciences fear that the anthropic principle will … more

  • The Physics of Sin

    "I never loved my wife. Don't I deserve to be happy?" "I needed that money more than he did, so it's okay that I took it. Besides, he owes me for the time when…" Justification for sin comes … more

  • Black Holes, Singularities, and Wormholes

    From a realistic rather than science fiction perspective, the wormhole question is moot. Since black holes are relatively rare, the probability that the singularities of two spatially distant black … more

  • Metal Matters

    Uranium and thorium play a vital role in the plate tectonics and volcanism of planets. Consequently, the amount of these two metallic elements influences the ability of any planet to support advanced … more

  • Aliens From Another World? Getting Here From There

    Growing numbers of UFO and ETI cults, some overtly religious, others with the pretense of purely scientific endeavor, preach their own message of salvation for the human race, a message that directly … more

  • An Infinity of Universes

    Dozens of cosmic characteristics must be exquisitely fine-tuned to make physical life possible. The degree of fine-tuning observed exceeds by many orders of magnitude the fine-tuning of which humans … more

  • Facing Up to Big Bang Challenges

    What danger lurks in associating big bang cosmology with biblical cosmology? Most Christian physicists, astronomers, and other scientists would say, “None.” Many Christian philosophers, … more

  • Fine-Tuning for Life on Earth (2001)

    © 2001 Reasons To Believe

    Evidence for the Fine-Tuning of the Galaxy-Sun-Earth-Moon System for Life Support1-121

    The environmental requirements for life to exist depend quite strongly on the … more

  • Probabilities for Life on Earth (2001)

    © 2001 Reasons To Believe

    An Estimate of the Probability for Attaining the Necessary Parameters for Life Support1-85

    Parameter

    Probability that feature will Fall in the required … more

  • Fine-Tuning for Life in the Universe (2001)

    © 2001 Reasons To Believe

    For life to be possible in the universe, several characteristics must take on specific values, and these are listed below.1 In the case of several of these … more

  • Fundamental Forces Show Greater Fine-Tuning

    A team of Austrian, German, and Hungarian astrophysicists has recently added evidence to the case for divine design, sweeping aside a recent challenge to the design argument I present in The Creator … more