Reasons to Believe


  • Where Is the Cosmic Density Fine-Tuning?

    This word picture helps to demonstrate a number used to quantify that fine-tuning, namely 1 part in 1060. Compared to the total mass of the observable universe, 1 part in 1060 works out to about a … more

  • Multifaceted Design of the Strong Nuclear Force

    There is a just-right separation distance between them to foster the best possible chemistry. Put them either too close or too far apart and their capacity to interact with one another will sharply … more

  • Cosmology Tested in the Laboratory

    TNRTB Archive - Retained for reference information

    Laboratory measurements with superconducting rings confirm scientists’ understanding of the universe’s early development, providing … more

  • Cosmic Brane Scans

    As physicians use scanning devices to view the hidden structures and activities of the brain, astronomers can now use distant supernovae and high-resolution cosmic background radiation maps to scan … more

  • Black Holes, Singularities, and Wormholes

    From a realistic rather than science fiction perspective, the wormhole question is moot. Since black holes are relatively rare, the probability that the singularities of two spatially distant black … more