Reasons to Believe

Solar System Design

  • Results from a Refurbished Hubble

    In the last several years, the Hubble space telescope has taken deep space photographs. This involved choosing an area of the sky not obscured by bright objects like stars or nearby galaxies, and … more

  • Differences between Ganymede and Callisto Explained

    How do two similar objects form in similar conditions yet end up in vastly different final states? Whether studying human twins, planets, or moons, differences provide powerful tools in understanding … more

  • Enhanced Activity in Solar-Type Stars

    Many stars share certain characteristics with the Sun, such as age, metallicity (abundance of elements heavier than helium), luminosity, and effective temperature. Yet, these stars exhibit much higher … more

  • Small Extrasolar Water World Discovered

    Extrasolar planets frequently make news; in particular, a recent discovery by a team of 19 American and European astronomers is attracting attention. The newly detected planet is now the second … more

  • Further Comments on Comets

    About a year and a half ago I wrote about the controversy between some creationists and the astronomy community over whether the short-lived nature of comets argues for a young earth or for a … more

  • Outward Migration of Gas Giant Planets

    Since the first discovery of an extrasolar planet in 1995,1 astronomers have detected more than 400 extrasolar planets, most of which are gas giants like Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. The … more

  • Recap on the Late Heavy Bombardment

    Scientists refer to this period as the Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB). Any impactor larger than a few hundred yards in diameter would unleash a destructive blast at least ten times larger than the … more

  • Rare Solar System, Rare Sun

    This finding persuaded many astronomers and millions of lay people to conclude that Carl Sagan was right—our Milky Way Galaxy (MWG) was filled with billions of planets, most of which would prove … more

  • Planet Formation Requires Metals

    If humanity is so important, why is the universe so old? Chapter 3 of Why the Universe Is the Way It Is, by Hugh Ross, provides a few answers to this important question. Recent research offers … more

  • Bombardment Makes Civilization Possible

    What is the common thread among the following items: pacemakers, spark plugs, fountain pens and compass bearings? Give up? All of them currently use (or used in early versions) the two densest … more

  • Volcanism and Plate Tectonics on Earthlike Planets

    For advanced life to be possible, the planet's surface must possess both landmasses and oceans. Both features must cover a large fraction of the planet's surface (see here) and must do so continuously … more

  • Finding Oceans and Continents and Extrasolar Planets

    The quest to find an Earth-like planet capable of supporting advanced life will not be fulfilled simply by discovering a planet approximating the mass of Earth that orbits its star at a distance that … more

  • Debris Disks and Planets Show Solar System Design

    Analysis of objects orbiting stars has provided evidence for the supernatural design of our solar system.

    Nearly every young stellar object that is in or adjacent to the spiral arms of the Milky Way … more

  • The Tidal Habitable Zones

    Habitable zones support an important line of evidence for the supernatural design of life-friendly planets. Two such locations include the water and the ultraviolet radiation habitable zones. A planet … more

  • How Unlikely Is Our Planetary System?

    The year 1995 marked the first time astronomers discovered an extrasolar planet.1 It was found orbiting the star 51 Pegasi. Today, scientists know of more than 350 planets residing outside the solar … more

  • Oceans on Ancient Venus, Study Suggests

    Source: "Oceans on Ancient Venus, Study Suggests ", July 14, 2009; more

  • A Complete Sample of Extrasolar Planets

    Researchers first detected a star-orbiting planet outside the solar system in 1995.1 It was found orbiting the star 51 Pegasi. Today, astronomers know of 347 extrasolar planets. While this is not a … more

  • Defusing the Antimatter Bomb

    We’ve seen these plot devices repeated throughout the action/adventure genre. Obviously, the climaxes of popcorn flicks are rife with scientific inaccuracies. It drives my wife crazy when I … more

  • Signatures of Migrating Planets

    I like watching NUMB3RS. Two brothers, one a top-notch FBI agent, the other a star mathematician, seek to solve tricky cases using sparse, difficult-to-gather data. Often, catching the criminal … more