Reasons to Believe

Solar System Design

  • Rare Sun

    by Dr. Guillermo Gonzalez

    How often have you heard that “the Sun is just an average star?” If you’ve watched many TV documentaries or read introductory astronomy books, chances are … more

  • Missing Solar Neutrinos Found

    What makes the Sun shine? Where does Earth’s life-sustaining radiation originate? Astronomers answered these questions in part with the discovery of nuclear fusion, the same process that powers … more

  • Jupiter's Migration Miracle

    A few years ago, a probe sent on a self-destruct mission into the interior of Jupiter revealed that Jupiter’s atmosphere grew dark and dry very soon after its formation.1 Continuing analysis of … more

  • Anthropic Principle: A Precise Plan for Humanity

    Human beings climb. Always have, always will. First hills, then mountains, then pinnacles so high they're called "death zones." That's as high as legs could carry them, but not high enough. So people … more

  • A Comment on Humility Theology

    The anthropic principle faces serious challenges from outside the disciplines of astronomy and physics. Many scholars in the humanities and social sciences fear that the anthropic principle will … more

  • The Sun's Stable Diameter

    The Sun has the reputation of being the most stable burning star that astronomers observe. Its extreme stability allows humans to exist on Earth. Variations in its burning, periods of significantly … more

  • Climatology Reveals Creation Clues

    A Profile of apologist Kevin Birdwell written by Susan Hanks Mowen

    By day, climatologist Kevin Birdwell seeks answers to mysteries of human history via climatological records. By night, he uses that … more

  • Search for Planets Draws a Blank

    Is the universe really rife with life sites, as Carl Sagan asserted?1 Research data continues to shape an answer to this question, but the weight of evidence falls, thus far, on the negative side. The … more

  • Metal Matters

    Uranium and thorium play a vital role in the plate tectonics and volcanism of planets. Consequently, the amount of these two metallic elements influences the ability of any planet to support advanced … more

  • Aliens From Another World? Getting Here From There

    Growing numbers of UFO and ETI cults, some overtly religious, others with the pretense of purely scientific endeavor, preach their own message of salvation for the human race, a message that directly … more

  • New Evidence for Life's Rapid Origin

    Recent research indicates that the Moon suffered intense asteroid and meteoroid bombardment impacting its entire surface some 3.9 billion years ago.1, 2 Because of the Moon’s proximity to Earth … more

  • Fine-Tuning for Life on Earth (2001)

    © 2001 Reasons To Believe

    Evidence for the Fine-Tuning of the Galaxy-Sun-Earth-Moon System for Life Support1-121

    The environmental requirements for life to exist depend quite strongly on the … more

  • Probabilities for Life on Earth (2001)

    © 2001 Reasons To Believe

    An Estimate of the Probability for Attaining the Necessary Parameters for Life Support1-85

    Parameter

    Probability that feature will Fall in the required … more

  • Fine-Tuning for Life in the Universe (2001)

    © 2001 Reasons To Believe

    For life to be possible in the universe, several characteristics must take on specific values, and these are listed below.1 In the case of several of these … more

  • First Detection of Earth-sized Planet?

    A team of 41 astronomers from Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and the United States took advantage of a naturally occurring telescope to image a small planet orbiting a star somewhere between us and … more

  • Water on Mars: What Does It Mean?

    On June 22, NASA astronomers held a press conference to announce their discovery of “recently” cut gullies, indicators of flowing water, on the Martian surface.1, 2 The discovery stirred … more

  • Planet Quest- A Recent Success

    Using the world’s largest optical telescope, the 400-inch KECK, three American astronomers recently discovered two Saturn-sized planets outside our solar system. Both orbit “main … more