Reasons to Believe

Origin of the Universe

  • The Least Luminous Known Galaxy

    Astronomers' observations of the universe1 provide substantial support for the cosmic creation event taught in the Bible.2 Evidence shows that the universe is comprised predominantly of dark energy … more

  • Cepheid Variable Stars

    Yet six different Bible authors wrote extensively and explicitly about this continual expansion, “the stretching out of the heavens” under fixed physical laws.1 For over two thousand years … more

  • Another Dwarf Galaxy Test of Big Bang Cosmology

    Recent astronomical research has accounted for a "missing galaxies problem" and thereby buttressed the notion of a cosmic creation event according to what the Bible has taught for centuries1. This … more

  • Pulsars in Ultracompact Binaries

    Two of the strongest and most compelling scientific evidences for the biblically predicted big bang creation model1 include the continuous expansion of the universe and the reliability of Einstein's … more

  • A Dark Galaxy: Finding the "Missing" Dark Stuff

    Many independent sets of observations confirm that only about six percent of all the ordinary matter (neutrons and protons) in the universe is made up of stars and stellar remnants.1The other 94 … more

  • Gravitational Lens Test for Creation

    Yet multiple Bible passages1 described this cosmic feature—making a bold scientific prediction—more than 2,400 years previous to its discovery.

    While astronomers have developed many tests … more

  • Milky Way Galaxy’s Tiny Black Hole

    The latest and most definitive measurement puts the mass of that black hole at 3,600,000 times the mass of the Sun.1

    The Milky Way Galaxy’s central black hole by itself is not dangerous to … more

  • The Right Temperature

    One component, the expansion of the universe, is revealed by the cosmological redshift found in distant galaxies. Another component, the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation is considered by … more

  • Testing Cosmic Creation Models, Part 1

    At two different outreach events this past month I met both atheists and young-earth creationists who expressed skepticism concerning the evidence I presented for the biblically predicted big bang … more

  • Cosmic Creation Model and the First Stars

    In attempting to achieve a comprehensive validation of the biblically predicted big bang creation model1the greatest challenge for astronomers has been assembling a detailed history for the formation … more

  • Most Accurate Distances Shore Up Creation History

    Opponents of big bang cosmology, both atheists and young-earth creationists, frequently attempt to push aside very compelling and overwhelming physical evidence in favor of this biblically predicted … more

  • Dwarf Galaxy Test of Big Bang Cosmology

    The big bang creation event— as taught by the Bible for centuries1— now stands well established by astronomers’ observations of the universe.2This observational evidence shows that … more

  • Where Is the Cosmic Density Fine-Tuning?

    This word picture helps to demonstrate a number used to quantify that fine-tuning, namely 1 part in 1060. Compared to the total mass of the observable universe, 1 part in 1060 works out to about a … more

  • Beginning and End of Cosmology

    Study of the brightest galaxies in the universe persuaded astronomers that 99 percent of the matter in the universe was dark. And measurements of the brightest stars convinced astronomers that three … more