Reasons to Believe

Life Design

  • Optimal Memory Design and Benefits of Forgetting

    During speaking events, I am frequently complimented for my "phenomenal memory." People are impressed by the relative ease with which I quote Bible passages from memory or recall the details of arcane … more

  • Novel Nitrogen Uptake Design

    Molecular nitrogen (N2) comprises about 79 percent of the atmosphere, making it the most abundant element in Earth's atmosphere.

    Nitrogen is crucial for most biological processes. It is found in … more

  • Moving Life and Nutrients Around

    Many anecdotal accounts of microorganisms being found in environments that cannot support their metabolic activities can be found in the scientific literature.1 Yet no quantitative measurements … more

  • Intelligence Design

    Many science-fiction movies feature aliens with slight bodies and enormous brains. Such portrayals support the theme that an extraterrestrial ecosystem might permit the existence of a superintellect … more

  • Do Animals Possess Foresight?

    Many people believe that humans are just highly evolved animals. Thus, humans do not possess any features that are not manifested–at least to a small degree–in other animals. Consequently, … more

  • Do Animals Experience Sin and Guilt?

    Some people believe that humans are simply highly evolved animals and, thus, possess no features that are not manifested–at least to a small degree–in other animals. Consequently, some … more

  • Origin of Soulish Animals

    Ongoing debates over the origin of life have focused only on the origin of the physical attributes of life. The origins of the "soulish" and spiritual aspects of Earth's higher life-forms remain … more

  • Evolvability: A Good Design Principle

    Your computer's newest antivirus probably comes with live updates so it can arm itself against the latest trojan-phishing-spyware attack. It may not stop you from doing silly things like sending your … more

  • The Creation of Minerals

    In this year that marks Charles Darwin's 200th birthday and the 150th anniversary of the publication of his book, On the Origin of Species,1 the debate over creation and evolution has taken a … more

  • Task Partitioning in Ant Colonies

    The capacity of individuals within an insect colony to divide their labor for the overall benefit of the whole group highlights an outstanding design feature seen in all species of social insects … more

  • Dogs Catch Human Yawns

    The book of Job, especially chapter 39, implies that God created the nephesh creatures (“soulish” animals like birds and mammals) to serve and/or to please human beings. They are termed … more

  • Design of Bird Brains for Long Migrations

    Many migrating birds fly all night long. Some fly nonstop across huge ecological barriers like the Gulf of Mexico. For decades, biologists have wondered how these creatures can survive the severe … more

  • Flightless Birds Run Down Evolution

    Newly Discovered Example of Convergence Challenges Biological Evolution

    Lately, my wife has had trouble hanging onto cell phones. Within the span of two weeks she lost not one cell phone, but two. … more

  • Where Did Earth Get Its Phosphorus?

    Phosphates serve as the backbone for all nucleic acids and are the major repository of chemical energy for metabolism. The human body contains about 11,000 parts per million of phosphorus by weight. … more

  • Too Much Sulfur

    Sulfur plays a crucial role in life chemistry. This fact became personal for me a year ago when I was diagnosed as sulfur deficient. Many protein functions crucially depend on sulfur. Fortunately, … more

  • Holy Fish Armor, Batman!

    Ancient Armored Fish May Hold Clues to Lighter, Stronger Bioinspired Armor

    If you’ve seen The Dark Knight, you know that early on Batman has an epiphany about his armor. Following a battle … more

  • Feedback Control in Biology

    Calcium levels of pregnant cows in Iowa may not be the first image that comes to mind when Christian apologists invoke supernatural design, but that appears to be the case based on a recent feedback … more