Reasons to Believe

Creation Update Archive - 2008


Welcome to the 2008 collection of Creation Update Archives

Table of Contents

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

New Star Measurement Supports Big Bang?
#400 - Air date: 1-8-08
Hugh Ross, Fazale Rana, Kenneth Samples, and Joe Aguirre

  • Discoveries:
  • Philosophy/Theology Segment:
  • Call-in questions:
    • Billy from Windsor, CT:
      • Are there any implications for creation (and the afterlife) given statements such as "The dead know nothing" found in Ecclesiastes 9:5?
    • Roger from Portland, ME:
      • Were the space energy density and mass density fine-tuned at the big bang event?
      • Can Hugh respond to Richard Dawkins' view of the universe's beginning?
      • How finely tuned does the Earth's distance from the sun need to be?
    • Kenny from Pensacola, FL:
      • Do Cytochrome C studies invalidate evolution?

Battle for the Bible?
#401 - Air date: 1-15-08
Dave Rogstad, and Kenneth Samples

  • Discoveries:
    • Is there anyone out there?
      • Robert Sanders, "SETI@ home looking for more volunteers", UC Berkley Press Release, Media Relations/02 January 2008.
    • Resources:
    • Discoveries:
      • Dr. John Battle Interview
    • Call-in questions:
      • Reeves from Lindale, TX:
        • Comments and questions about the Genesis flood.
      • Ed from Des Moines, IA:
        • Comments and questions about naturalistic evolution.
      • Kenny from Pensacola, FL:
        • Asks about the age of the Earth in Genesis.
      • Peggy from Minneapolis, MN:
        • More thoughts and questions on the extent of the Genesis flood.
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Questions about Genesis

    Unique Universe
    #402 - Air date: 01-22-08
    Hugh Ross, Jeff Zweerink, and Kenneth Samples

    • Discoveries:
      • Origin and History of the Universe
        • Paul C Clark, et. al., "The First Stellar Cluster", The Astrophysical Journal, 672:757-764, 2008 January 10
        • Resource:
      • Magnetic field makes all the difference
        • Andrew P. Ingersoll, "Venus: Express dispatches", Nature 450, 617-618; 29 November 2007.
        • Resource:
    • Philosophy/theology segment:
      • God-Man (00:40:42)
    • Call-in questions:
      • Gary from Lindale, TX:
        • Purpose of creation
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Jesus - Human-Divine
        • Some natural implications of a multiverse
      • Kenny from Pensacola, FL:
        • God-man
      • Jamie from Rochester, NY:
        • Revelation
      • Trey from San Diego, CA:
        • Age of the earth
    • E-Mail Questions:
      • Peggy from Minneapolis, MN:
        • Genesis flood and flat earth thinking

    Cosmic Coincidence?
    #403 - Air date: 1-29-08
    Jeff Zweerink, Fazale Rana, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries:
      • Accounting for the cosmic coincidence
        • Charles H. Lineweaver and Chas A. Egan, "The Cosmic Coincidence as a Temporal Selection Effect Produced by the Age Distribution of Terrestrial Planets in the Universe,"Astrophysical Journal 671 (December 10, 2007): 853-60
      • Alternative splicing differentiates chimps from humans
        • John A. Calarco et al., "Global Analysis of Alternative Splicing Differences Between Humans and Chimpanzees,"Genes and Development 21 (November 17, 2007): 2963-75.
      • "Humans and Chimps Differ at Level of Gene Splicing" ScienceDaily (November 15, 2007)
    • Call-in questions:
      • Randy from Oceanside, CA:
        • What effects arise from the space energy/mass density ratio?
        • How well do scientists understand genetic factors?
      • Terry from Gastonia, NC:
        • Where do mutations need to take place in multicellular organisms in order to generate new species?
      • Peggy from Minneapolis, MN:
        • How do the poles orient to the plane of our galaxy?
        • Would there be interest at the local university in obtaining information (via stem cell lines) about Peggyy's muscular degenerative disease?
      • Ed from Des Moines, IA:
        • Can the universality of the genetic code be falsified?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • How many molecular machines are in the average living cell?
        • Are there any other features that add to molecular complexity?
        • Did eukaryotic cells arise in the Cambrian explosion?
    • Email Questions
      • Rick from Silt, CO:
        • Can the universe's structure and expansion be likened to a cotton ball?

    Interview with Paul Copan
    #404 - Air date: 2-05-08
    Dave Rogstad, Jeff Zweerink, and Kenneth Samples

    • Discussion:
      • Old-Earth Creationism
      • Creation Ex Nihilo
      • Arguments for God
    • Call-in Questions:
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Chronological difficulties regarding the prophecy of Christ's Second Coming
      • Trey for San Diego, CA:
        • What are some of the possible philosophical and/or scientific complications with the argument that the universe came into existence out of a black hole?

    Search for a Solar Twin?
    #405 - Air date: 2-12-2008
    Hugh Ross, Dave Rogstad, Kenneth Samples, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries:
    • Theology/philosophy segment
      • Are lonely people more likely to believe in the supernatural?
        • Andrea Thompson, "Loneliness Breeds Belief in Supernatural," LiveScience.com, January 25, 2008
        • Resource:
    • Call-in questions:
      • Don from Gig Harbor, WA:
        • Are there any new hominid discoveries dated more than 40,000 years ago?
        • Resource:
      • Ed from Des Moines, IA:
        • Can the extremophile argument also be used against a naturalistic origin-of-life explanation?
        • Resource:
      • Kenny from Pensacola, FL:
        • Can Hugh comment on a skeptic's criticisms of Hugh's probability arguments?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Comments on probability and on Ken's blog articles on the new atheism
        • Can Hugh add to a list of eleven characteristics of the creation account?
      • James from Lanesville, IN:
        • Can Ken comment on his statement about a "God who moves, but is himself not moved" (heard in the intro to Creation Update)?
        • Why did the big bang not collapse to a big hole?
    • Email question:
      • Chuck:
        • Can Hugh explain his statement on the John Ankerberg Show that the big bang theory has a corollary that states that the universe must have been created by a transcendent being?
        • Resource:

    God's Creation?
    #406 - Air date: 2-19-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Fuz Rana, Kenneth Samples

    • Discoveries:
    • Theology/philosophy segment
    • Call-in questions:
      • Mike from Chicago, IL:
      • Timothy from Flint, MI:
        • Asks for a good rebuttal to Young Earth arguments against radiometric dating.
        • Resource:
      • David from Carlisle, PA:
        • A question about Possibility of Intellegent design of natural evil
      • Craig from Rosamond, CA:
        • Comments on the U.S. constitution being written by Christian men.
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Comments on a why God allows moral and natural evil to exist?
        • Also comments on Researchers interpreting discovery of Menanamine in a distant galaxy?
      • Chris from Charlotte, NC:
        • Comments on the the problem of evil and atheism
        • Also has a question about the the Cause of Beginnings

    Intermittent Plate Tectonics Beneficial for Life
    #407 - Air date: 2-26-2008
    Hugh Ross, Jeff Zweerink, Kenneth Samples, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Formation and breakup of Earth's supercontinent shows finite time window for advanced life
        • Paul G. Silver and Mark D. Behn, "Intermittent Plate Tectonics" Science 319 (January 4, 2008): 85-88.
        • Resources:
      • Astrophysical surveys buttress big bang creation
        • Michael A. Strauss, "An Ancient View of Acceleration" Nature 451 (January 31, 2008): 531-32.
        • L. Guzzo et al., "A Test of the Nature of Cosmic Acceleration Using Galaxy Redshift Distortions" Nature 451 (January 31, 2008): 541-44.
        • Masamune Oguri et al., "The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Quasar Lens Search. III. Constraints on Dark Energy from the Third Data Release Quasar Lens Catalog" Astronomical Journal 135 (February 2008): 512-19.
        • Resources:
    • Theology/philosophy segment
    • Call-in questions
      • Dan from Kalamazoo, MI:
        • Question on the correlation between the sun's magnetic/thermal outputs.
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Several questions on infinite regress (the uncaused cause, who created God?)
      • Joe from Bismarck, ND:
        • How far back can we trace mitochondrial Eve?
      • Jimmy from Benton, KY:
        • Does logic/math underlie all of reality (see John's gospel-logos, Word)?
      • Chris from Charlotte, NC:
        • Can RTB comment on Sam Harris' contention that 99% of species having gone extinct means there's no intelligent designer?
    • Email question
      • Chuck:
        • Asks for advice on how and when to tell a young child anything different from what he learned in Sunday school (e.g., that the days in Genesis are 24-hour days).

    Expansion of the Universe and DNA Barcoding
    #408 - Air date: 3-04-2008
    Hugh Ross, Fuz Rana, Kenneth Samples, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect on the universe's expansion rate measures
        • Hajime Kawahara et al., "Systematic Errors in the Hubble Constant Measurement from the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect," Astrophysical Journal 674 (February 10, 2008): 11-21.
        • Resources:
      • DNA barcoding and data storage
        • Renaud Lahaye et al., "DNA Barcoding the Floras of Biodiversity Hotspots," PNAS Early Edition (2008) online.
        • Nathaniel G. Portney et al., "Length-Based Encoding of Binary Data in DNA," American Chemical Society (January 30, 2008).
        • Nozomu Yachie et al., "Alignment-Based Approach for Durable Data Storage into Living Organisms," Biotechnology Progress 23 (2007): 501-5.
    • Theology/philosophy segment
    • Reasons Institute with Bob Stuart
    • Call-in questions
      • Tim from Sacramento, CA:
        • Do scientists really see fine-tuning?
      • Kenny from Pensacola, FL:
        • Is the Out-of-Africa model for human origins irrelevant to the biblical text?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
      • David from Hagerstown, MD:
        • Is Fuz's book on the cell's design out yet?
      • Carrie from Waldport, OR:
        • Why would God apparently use underhanded means to accomplish his purposes? (Question comes in light of 1 Kings 22:19-23)

    Solar System Comparisons
    #409 - Air date: 03-11-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Jeff Zweerink, and Kenneth Samples


    Traffic Signals Inside the Cell
    #410 - Air date: 03-18-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Fuz Rana, Kenneth Samples, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Molecular motors as transporters
        • Ram Dixit, Jennifer L. Ross, Yale E. Goldman, and Erika L. F. Holzbaur, "Differential Regulation of Dynein and Kinesin Motor Proteins by Tau," Science 319 (February 22, 2008): 1086-89.
        • Resource:
      • DNA "wired" to conduct electricity
        • Alon A. Gorodetsky et al., "DNA Binding Shifts the Redox Potential of the Transcription Factor SoxR," PNAS 105 (March 11, 2008): 3684-89.
        • Katherine E. Augustyn, Edward J. Merino, and Jacqueline K. Barton, "A Role for DNA-mediated Charge Transport in Regulating p53: Oxidation of the DNA-bound Protein from a Distance," PNAS 104 (November 27, 2007): 18907-12.
        • Eylon Yavin et al., "Electron Trap for DNA-bound Repair Enzymes: A Strategy for DNA-mediated Signaling," PNAS 103 (March 7, 2006): 3610-14.
        • Hans-Werner Fink and Christian Schonenberger, "Electrical Conduction through DNA Molecules," Nature 398 (April 1, 1999): 407-10.
        • Resource:
    • Theology/philosophy segment
      • Does disunity within Christianity invalidate the faith?
    • Reasons Institute with Bob Stuart
    • Call-in questions
      • John from Los Angeles, CA:
        • How does RTB view vegetation in the geological column with the Genesis creation days?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
      • Kenny from Pensacola, FL:
        • Comments on previous caller's questions on the geological column and the creation chronology
      • Randy from Oceanside, CA:
        • Are cell transport systems ubiquitous?

    The Elegant Cosmos
    #411 - Air date: 03-25-2008
    Hugh Ross, Jeff Zweerink & Kenneth Samples

    • Discoveries
      • Preferred size of the universe
      • Putting creation models to the test
        • Aleksandra Kurek and Marek Szydlowsky, "The ACDM In The Lead-A Bayesian Cosmological Model Comparison," The Astrophysical Journal, 675:1-7, March 1, 2008.
        • Resource:
    • Theology/philosophy segment
    • Reasons Institute with Bob Stuart
    • Call-in questions
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Questions about the big bang model
      • Randy from Oceanside, CA:
        • Questions about time and space at the universe's creation event
      • Don from Concord, NC:
        • Questions about multiverse hypotheses
    • E-mail question
      • Eric from Clintonville, WI:
        • Questions about animals on Noah's ark and the flood

    Creation Update #412
    Big Bang Test/Homochirality
    Air date: 04-01-2008
    Hugh Ross, Fuz Rana, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Three-dimensional topology of the universe's large-scale structure
        • J. Richard Gott III et al., "Genus Topology of Structure in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey: Model Testing," Astrophysical Journal 675 (March 1, 2008): 16-28.
        • Khee-Gan Lee et al., "The Topology of Cosmological Reionization," Astrophysical Journal 675 (March 1, 2008): 8-15.
        • Resource:
      • Proposed origin of homochirality in a meteorite
        • Sandra Pizzarello, Yongsong Huang, and Marcelo R. Alexandre, "Molecular Asymmetry in Extraterrestrial Chemistry: Insights from a Pristine Meteorite," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105 (March 11, 2008): 3700-04.
        • Resource:
      • Humans help others even when costs are involved
        • Anna Dreber et al., "Winners Don't Punish," Nature 452 (March 20, 2008): 348-51.
        • Elizabeth W. Dunn, Lara B. Aknin, and Michael I. Norton, "Spending Money on Others Promotes Happiness," Science 319 (March 21, 2008): 1687-88.
        • Resource:
    • Call-in questions
      • Ted from Kalamazoo, MI:
        • Did singularity exist with any dimensions?
      • Mike from Venice, CA:
        • Can RTB comment on the movie Expelled?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
    • E-mail questions
      • David R:
        • If the universe is like an expanding balloon, can we see the other side?
      • Eric from Clintonville, WI:
        • Several questions about Noah's flood
      • Raymond W. from the UK:
        • Can Hugh respond to what's been represented on the Internet as the triumph of Russ Humphrey's cosmological model?

    Creation Update #413
    Nanobacteria not Alive
    Air date: 04-08-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Fuz Rana, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Size of nanobacteria help determine whether they're alive
        • Jan Martel and John Ding-E Young, "Purported Nanobacteria in Human Blood as Calcium Carbonate Nanoparticles," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 105 (April 8, 2008): 5549-54.
        • Resource:
      • Direct evidence for complex life 253 million years ago
    • Call-in questions
      • Ed from Des Moines, IA:
        • Can manipulation of telomeres lead to a huge increase in life spans?
        • Can stem cells' telomeres be manipulated?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:

    Creation Update #414
    Searching for the Higgs Boson
    Air date: 04-15-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Jeff Zweerink, Ken Samples, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Guest Dr. Michael Strauss discusses theological implications of upcoming particle physics experiments
        • Michael E. Peskin, "Song of the Electroweak Penguin," Nature 452 (March 20, 2008): 293-94.
        • Richard Ingham, "Greatest Experiment Ever in Particle Physics Nears Countdown," Yahoo! News March 24, 2008.
        • Resource:
        • The Creator and the Cosmos, 3rd ed., by Hugh Ross
        • Creation as Science, by Hugh Ross
    • Theology segment
      • Ken responds to the statement that "there's no point arguing science unless you're a scientist"
    • Call-in questions
      • Mark from Longmont, CO:
      • Cole from Fort Worth, TX:
        • Does quantum mechanics invalidate cause-and-effect? If so, is it self-defeating?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Can one calculate the probability of whether a black hole can be created from the experiments from the Large Hadron Collider?
        • In light of the skeptical charge that Christians embrace blind faith, do atheists employ a blind faith of sorts by holding to a theory of everything?

    Creation Update #415
    Earth Day
    Air date: 04-22-2008
    Jeff Zweerink, Dave Rogstad, Kenneth Samples, and Joe Aguirre


    Creation Update #416
    Nature and Scripture
    Air date: 04-29-2008
    Fuz Rana, Jeff Zweerink, and Kenneth Samples

    • Discoveries
      • Junk DNA reconsidered
      • W-Map data (00:30:34)
        • E. Komatsu et al., "Five-Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Cosmological Interpretation," Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series (August 13, 2006).
        • Resource:
    • Theology/Philosophy segment
    • Call-in questions
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Asks about common objective morality held by diverse cultures
        • Comments on Christ's resurrection
        • Inquires about polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
        • Resource:
    • E-mail questions
      • Bob:
        • How would a dime's worth of mass added to the universe prevent life?
      • Wayne:
        • Comments on Francis Collins' book "The Language of God"

    May 1, 2008
    Prime Time - Interview with Dr. Michael Behe
    Hugh Ross, Fuz Rana, Kenneth Samples, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discussion about his new book, "The Edge of Evolution" and how it compares to his book, "Darwin's Black Box"

    Creation Update #417
    Cyclones and Supernovae
    Air date: 05-06-2008
    Jeff Zweerink, Dave Rogstad, Kenneth Samples, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discussion:
    • Discoveries
      • Type Ia supernovae as standard candles
        • Rasmus Voss and Gijs Nelemans, "Discovery of the progenitor of the type Ia supernova 2007on," Nature 451 (February 14, 2008): 802-804.
        • "Supercomputer To Simulate Extreme Stellar Physics," ScienceDaily (May 3, 2008).
        • Resource:
      • Gray dust a possible source of supernova dimming
        • Philip A. Bland, "Small-Scale Observations Tell a Cosmological Story," Science 320 (April 4, 2008): 61 62.
    • Theology segment
    • Call-in questions
      • Joe from Bismarck, ND:
        • What place does macroevolution have (if any) in RTB's creation model?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Comment on nations' ability to cope with natural disasters relative to their acceptance of a Christian worldview (and the scientific advance that comes from it)
        • Would a slower rotation rate on Earth be problematic for advanced life?
        • Does Christianity alone teach salvation by grace?
        • Do other religions teach fine-tuning?
    • Email questions
      • Daniel D. asks:
        • How far into space can current planet detecting methods be reliable?
        • How many galaxies are inside this distance from Earth?
        • What is the weakest part of the Day-Age theory from RTB's perspective?
      • Tim S. asks:
        • If multiverse theory is true, how would that affect the ability of the scientific enterprise to give an accurate picture of reality?

    Creation Update #418
    Time, Space, and Eternity
    Air date: 05-13-2008
    Fuz Rana, Jeff Zweerink, and Kenneth Samples

    • Discoveries:
      • Oxygenation events
        • Kathleen A. McFadden et al., "Pulsed Oxidation and Biological Evolution in the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 105 (March 4, 2008): 3197-3202.
        • Resource:
          • Rare Earth, by Peter Ward and Donald Brownlee
      • Life's components
        • Lin Jiang et al., "De Novo Computational Design of Retro-Aldol Enzymes," Science 319 (March 7, 2008): 1387-91
        • Daniela R&oumlthlisberger et al., "Kemp Elimination Catalysts by Computational Enzyme Design," Nature 453, (May 8, 2008);190-5.
        • Resource:
    • Theology segment
    • Call-in questions
      • Robert from Lexington NC:
        • Asks about God's relationship to time
      • Wayne from Calgary, Alberta:
        • Asks Fuz to comment on an article that says evolution cannot be disproved
        • Are there acts of sin that a true believer cannot commit?
      • Roger from Portland ME:
        • Comments on sin and time
        • Asks about the curvature of the universe
      • Kenny from Pensacola FL:
        • Asks RTB to comment on why some people say the singularity is not the beginning of time

    Creation Update #419
    Integrating science and faith
    Air date: 05-20-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Jeff Zweerink, and Kenneth Samples

    • Discoveries
      • Science and religion
        • Jennifer Couzin, "Evolution: Closing the Divide," Science 319 (February 22, 2008) 1034– 36.
        • Resource:
      • Temperature of the universe
        • R. Srianand et al., "First Detection of CO in a High–Redshift Damped Lyman–α System," Astronomy & Astrophysics 482 (May II 2008) L39–L42
        • Resource:
    • Theology segment
    • Call-in questions
      • Charles from Deerfield, OH:
        • Has a question about dinosaurs
      • Jay from Wichita, KS:
        • Asks about hominids
      • Joe from Bismark, ND:
        • Has some questions about Islam
      • Ed from Des Moines, IA:
        • Asks about the age of the universe
      • Gem from Atlanta, GA:
        • Wants to know more about a Catholic astronomer's comments about possible aliens in space
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Comments on God's thinking

    Creation Update #420
    Human origins perspective
    Air date: 05-27-2008
    Hugh Ross, Fuz Rana, and Kenneth Samples

    • Discoveries
      • Supernova archeology
        • Brian D. Fields, Themis Athanassiadou, and Scott R. Johnson, "Supernova Collisions with the Heliosphere," Astrophysical Journal 678 (May 1, 2008)549-62
        • Resource:
      • GLO pseudogene and evolution
        • Amélie Montel-Hagen et al., "Erythrocyte Glut1 Triggers Dehydroascorbic Acid Uptake in Mammals Unable to Synthesize Vitamin C," Cell 132 (March 21, 2008) 1039-48.
        • Resource:
    • Theology segment
    • Call-in questions
      • Kenny from Pensacola FL:
        • Asks about micro-and macroevolution
        • What is the definition of a singularity?
      • Roger from Portland ME:
        • Asks for an opinion on Hebrews 2:9 and the Apostles' Creed regarding to Jesus descending into hell.
        • Also has a question about the Ken Ham's comments about the big bang being discarded
      • Robert from Lexington SC:
        • Asks about Asks about the curse placed on the serpent in the garden of Eden
      • David from Rapid City SD:
        • Asks for help in discussing the old-earth viewpoint to those who believe in a young earth
      • Brian from Laguna Hills, CA:
        • Asks about the implications of manned space travel on the Christian faith
    • E-mail questions
      • What does it mean in the Apostles' Creed when it says that Christ descended into hell?

    Creation Update #421
    Apologetic Reasoning
    Air date: 06-03-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Jeff Zweerink, and Kenneth Samples

    • Reasons Institute with Bob Stuart
    • Discoveries
    • Theology segment
    • Call-in questions
      • Jay from Wichita, KS:
        • Talks about Contrasting truth–claims
      • Ben from Castlerock CO:
        • Has a question about the human soul
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Has a question about argument from reason
      • Doug from Washington DC:
        • Wants more understanding about the fine tuning argument
      • Chris from Charlotte NC:
        • Seeking more information about the transcendental argument

    Creation Update #422
    Contaminated Life on Mars?
    Air date: 06-10-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Jeff Zweerink, Kenneth Samples, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
    • Theology segment
      • Ken discusses a PBS program that shows religious beliefs lead to longer life spans
    • Krista Bontrager comments on Reasons Institute and Reasons Academy
    • Call-in questions
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Comment on prayer studies
        • Several questions on phenomenological language vis-à-vis young-earth creationism
      • Don from Concord, NC:
        • Question regarding Georg Cantor's mathematics
        • How does multiverse theory account for Earth's existence?
        • Why put so much credence in the creeds?
      • Kenny from Pensacola, FL:
        • Has the Dalai Lama stated that he would change his views if modern cosmology is correct?
        • Question on the length of days
    • E-mail questions
      • Andy J:
        • Has Dr. Lisle accepted Hugh's challenge to defend his moon–formation views in front of astronomers?

    Creation Update #423
    Science and Theology
    Air date: 06-17-2008
    Hugh Ross, Fuz Rana, and Kenneth Samples

    • Discoveries
      • Repeated evolution?
        • Zachary D. Blount, Christina Z Borland, and Richard E. Lenski "Historical Contingency and the Evolution of a Key Innovation in an Experimental Population of Escherichia Coli," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 105 (June 10, 2008) 7899–7906
        • Resource:
      • Cosmology's distance scale
        • J. P. W. Verbiest et al., "Precision Timing of PSR J0437–4715: An Accurate Pulsar Distance, a High Pulsar Mass, and a Limit on the Variation of Newton's Gravitational Constant," Astrophysical Journal 679 (May 20, 2008): 675–80.
        • Resource:
    • Theology segment
    • Bob Stuart comments on Reasons Institute and Reasons Academy
    • Call-in questions
      • Doug from Germantown, MD:
        • Asks about mass extinctions and mass speciations
      • Ed from Des Moines IA:
        • Has questions on the fine–tuning in a cell's design
      • Roger from Portland ME:
        • Comments and questions on Worldview Science
    • E-mail questions
      • Luke:
        • Asks how Mark 10:6 can relate to Genesis 1
      • Jon:
        • Asks if it's true that people who attend church regularly live longer than those who don't

    Creation Update #424
    Mars Lander Update
    Air date: 06-24-2008
    Fuz Rana, Jeff Zweerink, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Phoenix lander finds ice on Mars
      • "Unreasonable" effectiveness of mathematics to describe the cosmos
        • Dmitry Khavinson and Genevra Neumann, "From the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra to Astrophysics: A 'Harmonious' Path," Notices of the AMS 55, no. 6, 666-75.
      • General relativity passes another test
        • M. J. Valtonen et al., "A Massive Binary Black–Hole System in OJ 287 and a Test of General Relativity," Nature 452 (April 17, 2008): 851-53.
    • Bob Stuart comments on Reasons Institute and Reasons Academy
    • Call-in questions
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Comment on phenomenological versus analogical interpretation of the Genesis creation days
        • What are two easy-to-explain examples of fine-tuning (Earth, universe) that a high schooler could understand?
      • Jim from Atlanta, GA:
        • Does time stop for photons? If so, are photons then "eternal?"
        • Some follow-up questions on photons/light

    Creation Update #425
    Clutches and Appendixes Show Design
    Air date: 07-01-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Fuz Rana, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Natural clutches analogous to human-designed motors
        • Kris M. Blair et al., "A Molecular Clutch Disables Flagella in the Bacillus subtilis Biofilm," Science 320 (June 20, 2008): 1636-38
        • Resource
      • Appendix: bad design or good?
        • R. Randal Bollinger et al., "Biofilms in the Large Bowel Suggest an Apparent Function of the Human Vermiform Appendix," Journal of Theoretical Biology 249 (2007): 826-31.
        • G. B. D. Scott, "The Primate Caecum and Appendix Vermiforms: A Comparative Study", Journal of Anatomy 131 (1980): 549-63.
        • Resource
    • Call-in questions
      • Joe and Damien from Bismarck, ND:
        • Has time changed since the beginning of the universe?
      • Jay from Avon, FL:
        • Why do some organisms, such as marsupials, occupy specific locations (biogeographic distribution)?
        • Did the Creator repopulate geographically after extinction events?
      • Daniel from Anaheim, CA:
        • Can RTB comment on two lines of evidence cited as proof of evolution (Darwin's finches, salamanders) in a high school science film?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Can biological convergence occur given the evolutionary mechanisms thought responsible for repeated patterns?
      • Richard from Denver, CO:
        • How do evolutionists account for the diversity of life on Earth?
    • E-mail questions

    Creation Update #426
    The Best of Science News Flash
    Air date: 07-08-2008
    Hugh Ross, Fuz Rana, Jeff Zweerink, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Early Earth Marred by Acid Rain (Hugh Ross and Fuz Rana)
        • In this first episode, Hugh Ross and Fuz Rana comment on a report that the early Earth was marred by acid rain. What does that mean for naturalistic origin-of-life models or for RTB's creation model?
        • Resource
      • Astronomers Find Batch of "Super-Earths" (Hugh Ross)
        • From time to time, you'll hear about new planets that have been discovered and whether they can harbor life. In the next podcast Hugh Ross responds to a discovery that astronomers have found a batch of "Super-Earths."
        • Resources
      • Poll: Creationism, Intelligent Design Still Taught in U.S. Classrooms (Jeff Zweerink)
        • A recent poll found that creationism and intelligent design are still taught in U.S. classrooms, despite a setback from a 2005 court ruling. Is that a good thing? Jeff Zweerink talks about it in the next episode.
      • Humans Almost Became Extinct 70,000 years ago (Fuz Rana)
        • Did Humans Almost Become Extinct 70,000 years ago? That's what one study suggests. What does that mean for evolutionary or creation models? Fuz Rana lays it out in the next edition of Science News Flash.
        • Resources
      • Einstein Letter Calls Bible "Pretty Childish" (Hugh Ross)
        • When someone of the stature of Albert Einstein refers to the Bible as a "pretty childish" book, it gets people's attention. That's what some biographers claim he said, and Hugh Ross comments on the report in this podcast.
        • Resource
      • Astronauts Say There Must Be Life in Space (Jeff Zweerink)
        • An astronaut returned from space recently and said that there must be life in space. Is there hard evidence to back the claim? What does life require? Jeff Zweerink discusses it on this next episode.
        • Resources
      • Researchers Create Human-Animal Hybrid Embryos (Fuz Rana)
        • Many people get nervous when they hear reports that scientists have created human-animal hybrid embryos. Is that dangerous? Are humans playing God? Fuz Rana analyzes the report on Science News Flash
      • Mysterious Phoenix Lights a UFO Hoax (Jeff Zweerink)
        • OK, so the mysterious lights over Phoenix recently turned out to be a guy having some fun in his backyard. But has Earth been visited by alien beings? Many people think so. Jeff Zweerink analyzes the possibility on this podcast..
        • Resource
      • Organism Lives 10 Times as Long after Genetic Tinkering (Fuz Rana)
        • Can human life expectancy be significantly increased? If so, how? And does such research lend credence for the long human life spans recorded in Genesis? Fuz Rana discusses the implications on this episode.
        • Resource

    Creation Update #427
    Old Rocks Affirm Creation Model
    Air date: 07-15-2008
    Fuz Rana, Ken Samples, Jeff Zweerink, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Landmass formation affirms RTB's creation model
        • D. G. Pearson, S. W. Parman, & G. M. Nowell, "A Link Between Large Mantle Melting Events and Continent Growth Seen in Osmium Isotopes," Nature 449 (September 13, 2007): 202-5.
        • Resource
      • Oldest rock formations show early presence of life
        • Alexander A. Nemchin et al., "A Light Carbon Reservoir Recorded in Zircon-Hosted Diamond from the Jack Hills," Nature 454 (July 3, 2008): 92-96.
        • Miryam Glikson et al., "Microbial Remains in Some Earliest Earth Rocks: Comparison with a Potential Modern Analogue," Precambrian Research 164 (2008): 187-200.
        • Resource
    • Theology segment
      • Kenneth Samples discusses a Christianity Todayarticle, "God Is Not Dead Yet"
        • William Lane Craig, "God Is Not Dead Yet," Christianity Today, July 2008, 22-27.
        • Resource
    • Call-in questions
      • Gary from Ridgecrest, CA:
        • Is there a resurgence of theistic evolution? What are the arguments against it? Could a creator use naturalistic processes to bring about his purposes?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Why does Roger Penrose express skepticism about the multiverse?
        • How does the ontological argument relate to infinite regress or necessity?
        • Could God have created life at the outset and then supervised evolutionary processes?
          • Resources
            • Origins of Life by Fazale Rana with Hugh Ross
            • Rare Earth, by Peter Ward and Donald Brownlee

    Creation Update #428
    Toward a Sensible Approach to Global Warming
    Air date: 07-22-2008
    Hugh Ross, Ken Samples, Jeff Zweerink, and Joe Aguirre


    Creation Update #429
    Biochemical Design and Cosmological Argument
    Air date: 07-29-2008
    Fuz Rana, Kenneth Samples, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discovery
      • Optimization in codons shows design
        • D. Allan Drummond and Claus O. Wilke, "Mistranslation-Induced Protein Misfolding as a Dominant Constraint on Coding-Sequence Evolution," Cell 134 (July 25, 2008), 341-52.
        • Resource
    • Theology segment
    • Call-in questions
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Do humans have different compounds than the rest of creation?
        • Is objective morality apparent in human culture?
      • Ed from Des Moines, IA:
        • Comments on global warming and a possible way to help
      • Kenny from Pensacola, FL:
        • What is the role of epigenomes in evolutionary theory?
    • E-mail questions
      • Tim T.:
        • Is it possible that God is a part of creation?
      • David O.:
        • Would RTB say that animals are distantly related to humans?
      • Wayne S.:
        • Can Fuz explain why humans appear to have a fused chromosome from an evolutionary ancestor?

    Creation Update #430
    Microscope on a Chip
    Air date: 08-12-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Fuz Rana, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
    • Call-in questions
      • Charles from Deerfield, OH:
        • Does dinosaur collagen recovered in a recent T. rex fossil resemble that of chickens?
      • Peggy from Prior Lake, MN:
        • Can a doctor isolate a gene (to check for junk DNA, for example) associated with a disorder?
      • Peter from Clearbrook, VA:
      • Filmar from Toronto, Ontario:
        • Does red rain in India provide evidence for panspermia?
      • Dan from Anaheim, CA:
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Comment on YEC interpretations
        • Could God have manipulated genetic material from chimps to create humans? How do you reconcile this with man's creation from the "dust of the earth"?

    Creation Update #431
    The Cosmos and Christ
    Air date: 08-19-2008
    Hugh Ross, Jeff Zweerink, and Ken Samples


    Creation Update #432
    The Sun, Eggs, and Hell
    Air date: 08-26-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Fuz Rana, and Ken Samples


    Creation Update #433
    Planetary Models and Cellular Trash Transport
    Air date: 09-02-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Fuz Rana, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Extrasolar planet simulations
        • Edward W. Thommes, Soko Matsumura, and Frederic A. Rasio, “Gas Disks to Gas Giants: Simulating the Birth of Planetary Systems,” Science 321 (August 8, 2008): 814–17.
        • Resource
          • Rare Earth, by Peter Ward and Donald Brownlee
      • Quality control system in the cell
        • Daniel Kaganovich, Ron Kopito, and Judith Frydman, “Misfolded Proteins Partition Between Two Distinct Quality Control Compartments,” Nature 454 (August 28, 2008): 1088–96.
        • Resource
    • Call–in questions
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Question on the Lenski experiment on historical contingency
      • Joe from Farmville, VA:
        • How long until the Sun burns out? Will we have to populate another planet?
      • Don from Concord, NC:
        • Question on epigenetic effects and biblical statement about sin being passed down
      • Dan from Bristol, CT:
        • Has the speed of light been constant? How would we know if it has changed?
        • Has special relativity been confirmed to 22 decimal places?
        • Are objects in the Oort Cloud too small to see?
      • Jeff from Portland, OR:
        • What might be God’s purposes for data storage?

    Creation Update #434
    God is not Dead Yet
    Air date: 09-09-2008
    Hugh Ross, Dave Rogstad, Jeff Zweerink, and Ken Samples
    ·  Interview with Dr. William Lane Craig

    ·  Call–in questions

    • Joe from Farmville, VA:
      • Questions about Augustine's view of the millennium
    • Ron from Evansville IN:
      • What happened to Jesus's body when he went to heaven?
    • Ed from Des Moines, IA:
      • Questions about some philosophical arguments for the existence of God
    • Roger from Portland, ME:
      • Why did God create Hitler at all, or why did he create Hitler at that particular time?
      • How do atheists explain the existence of objective moral values and duties?
    • Rob from Boulder, CO:
      • Interpretation of the seventh day referred to in Hebrews 4:1–11

    Creation Update #435
    Can Spaceships Travel Faster than Speed of Light?
    Air date: 09-23-2008
    Hugh Ross, Dave Rogstad, and Joe Aguirre


    Creation Update #436
    Science and Faith Interviews
    Air date: 09-30-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Jeff Zweerink, and Ken Samples

    • Interview
      • Dr Gary Loechelt on the RATE Study
    • Call–in question
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • RATE Study Cogency
      • Kenny from Pensacola FL:
        • YEC Science vs. Bible
    • Interview
    • Call–in question
      • Roger from Portland ME:
        • Absolute Truth vs. Relative Truth

    What Can Evolution Do?
    Creation Update #437
    Air date: 10-07-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Fuz Rana, and Ken Samples

    • Special Report
      • Report on Skeptics Conference and Debate at CalTech
    • Discovery
    • Theology
      • Metabolic Networks in the Cell
      • Call–in question
        • Roger from Portland, ME:
          • RATE Study Cogency
        • Kenny from Pensacola FL:
          • YEC Science vs. Bible
      • Interview
      • Call–in question
        • Roger from Portland ME:
          • Absolute Truth vs. Relative Truth

    Physical Constants Still Constant
    Creation Update #438
    Air date: 10-14-2008
    Hugh Ross, Jeff Zweerink, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Pulsar measurement most precise to date
      • Another test for physical constants (00:23:56)
        • Michael T. Murphy, Victor V. Flambaum, Sebastien Muller, and Christian Henkel, "Strong Limit on a Variable Proton–to–Electron Mass Ratio from Molecules in the Distant Universe," Science 320 (June 20, 2008): 1611–13.
      • More evidence for solar system fine–tuning
        • James N. Connelly, Yuri Amelin, Alexander N. Krot, and Martin Bizzarro, "Chronology of the Solar System’s Oldest Solids," Astrophysical Journal 675 (March 10, 2008): L121–24.
        • C. Espaillat et al., "On the Diversity of the Taurus Transitional Disks: Ux Tauri A and LkCa 15," Astrophysical Journal 670 (December 1, 2007): L135–38.
        • Resources
    • Call–in questions
      • Vera from Miami, FL:
        • How can we know the speed of light hasn’t changed? (Response to Russ Humphreys’ Starlight and Time)
      • Randy from Oceanside, CA:
        • Various questions on supernovae and how they explain our solar system’s fine–tuning
      • David from Aurora, IL:
        • How does RTB account for "broken symmetry" of matter/antimatter ratio in the early universe?
      • Dennis from Denver, CO:
        • Several questions on cyclic universe models
      • Marj from Diamond Bar, CA:
        • Are there other clocks pertinent to the RATE study?
      • Keith from San Diego, CA:
        • What does Hugh mean by "skin of a sphere" in regard to the universe in Beyond the Cosmos?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Why should we visualize the universe as a three–dimensional sphere as opposed to something else?
        • Why is there no center of the universe?
        • How long does it take for tadpole galaxies’ tails to form?
    • Email question
      • Peter:
        • In regard to the expansion of the universe, how did matter overcome the most powerful gravity possible?
        • How can RTB hold to both biblical inerrancy and a billions–of–years–old universe?

    Concretions and DNA Photo Stability
    Creation Update #439
    Air date: 10-28-08
    Hugh Ross, Fuz Rana, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Another biological "big bang"?
        • John F. Lindsay, "Was There a Late Archean Biospheric Explosion?" Astrobiology vol. 8, no. 4 (August 1, 2008): 823–39.
      • DNA manufactures its own photo stability
        • Nina K. Schwalb and Friedrich Temps, "Base Sequence and Higher–Order Structure Induce the Complex Excited–State Dynamics in DNA," Science 322 (October 10, 2008): 243–45.
    • Call–in questions
      • Ryan from Germantown, MD:
        • Do extrabiblical flood accounts concur with the biblical account?
      • Don from Concord, NC:
        • Can dark matter halos be found in the Local Group?
        • What does RTB think of a recent survey saying that only 1 in 20 Christians who teach science holds a young–earth view?
      • Ed from Des Moines, IA:
        • Question on directional change and the viability of biological evolution
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Question on luminosity in a cold dark matter model
        • Do babies have irreducibly complex "software" systems?
        • Click here for Hugh’s compendium to the book that Roger asked about
      • Jim from Atlanta, GA:
        • Is dark energy to dark matter as energy is to matter?
        • Do humans possess a language gene?
        • Is light eternal? What caused Moses’ face to shine brightly after his emergence from Mount Sinai?
    • Email question

    Galaxy Formation Survey and Dark Flow
    Creation Update #440
    Air date: 11-04-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Jeff Zweerink, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Does new understanding of galaxy formation remove some fine–tuning?
        • M. J. Disney et al., "Galaxies Appear Simpler than Expected," Nature 455 (October 23, 2008): 1082–84.
      • Dark flow and evidence for a multiverse
        • A. Kashlinsky et al., "A Measurement of Large–Scale Peculiar Velocities of Clusters of Galaxies: Results and Cosmological Implications," Astrophysical Journal 686 (October 20, 2008): L49–L52.
    • Call–in questions
      • Kenny from Pensacola FL:
        • Comment on "evening and morning" usage
        • Is there a "Hubble mass" outside our Hubble volume?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • How does the multiverse strengthen RTB’s apologetic arguments?
        • Does Don Page argue for a level 2 multiverse?
      • Kenny from Pensacola, FL:
        • Comment on why God brought about the Flood
      • Joe from Farmville, VA:
        • Comment on eschatology
    • Email questions
      • Kevin R:
        • Why would God refer to "evening and morning" if it’s not a literal day?
        • Why would an ark be necessary (to house local species) if only a certain region was to be flooded?
      • Jonathan D:

    Miller-Urey Experiment Revisited
    Creation Update #441
    Air date: 11–11–2008
    Fuz Rana, Jeff Zweerink, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Naturalistic origin–of–life problems remain
        • Adam P. Johnson et al., “The Miller Volcanic Spark Discharge Experiment,” Science322 (October 17, 2008): 404.
      • Searching for dark matter
        • V. Springel et al., “Prospects for Detecting Supersymmetric Dark Matter in the Galactic Halo,” Nature 456 (November 6, 2008): 73–76.
    • Call–in questions
      • Ronnie from Evansville, IN:
        • How does the human immune system compare with that of other animals?
        • Are stars in the Big Dipper similar to ours? Do any have planets?
      • Randy from Oceanside, CA:
        • Can RTB comment on the YEC work regarding C–14 in diamonds?
        • Is there a geographic center of the universe?
      • Peggy from Minneapolis, MN:
        • In a balloon analogy, is the surface comparable to time?
        • Can we be seeing light that is no longer associated with objects in the universe? Can dark matter take the place of light that has moved? (And, can any of this help explain Rev. 6:12-14?)
      • Carrie from Wallport, OR:
        • What was Jesus’ healing ministry and atonement intended to accomplish?
      • Morgan from Fayetteville, TN:
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Comment on the effect of Christ’s atonement
        • Three questions regarding the multiverse

    First Things, Last Things
    Creation Update #442
    Air date: 11-18-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Fuz Rana, and Kenneth Samples

    • Discoveries
      • Importance of enzymes
        • Charles A. Lewis, Jr. and Richard Wolfenden, “Uroporphyrinogen Decarboxylation as a Benchmark for the Catalytic Proficiency of Enzymes,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105 (November 11, 2008): 17328–33.
        • Resource
      • New evidence for new life on Earth
        • Sean A. Crowe et al., “Photoferrotrophs Thrive in an Archean Ocean Analogue” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105 (October 14, 2008): 15938–43.
        • Resource
    • Theology
    • Call–in questions
      • Eric from Charlotte, NC:
        • Is the universe bigger than a Hubble Volume?–the Kalam cosmological argument
        • Asks for information about David Waltham’s article about why the Moon is the size that it is
          • D. Waltham, “Anthropic Selection for the Moon’s Mass,” Astrobiology 4 (2004):460-68.
      • Samuel from San Marcos, TX:
        • Man’s free will
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Thinking about God’s sovereignty
      • Steve from New York, NY:
        • Did racial differences begin in Genesis 11?
      • Trey from San Diego, CA:
        • Abiogenesis
      • Randy from Oceanside, CA:
        • A question about the multiverse
    • E–mail question
      • Ken:
        • Reasoning from analogy

    Testing the Copernican Principle/Eschatology
    Creation Update #443
    Air date: 11/25/08
    Jeff Zweerink, Kenneth Samples, and Joe Aguirre


    Science and Religion
    Creation Update #444
    Air date: 12-02-2008
    Hugh Ross, Fuz Rana, and Kenneth Samples

    • Discoveries
      • Cambrian Explosion Defended
        • Mikhail V. Matz et al., “Giant Deep–Sea Protist Produces Bilaterian–Like Traces” Current Biology 18 (December 9, 2008): 1–6.
        • Resource
      • Modeling Terrestrial Planets
        • Linda T. Elkins–Tanton and Sara Seager, “Ranges of Atmospheric Mass and Composition of Super–Earth Exoplanets”, Astrophysical Journal 685 (October 1, 2008): 1237–46.
        • Linda T. Elkins–Tanton and Sara Seager, “Coreless Terrestrial Exoplanets”, Astrophysical Journal 688 (November 20, 2008): 628–35.
        • Resource
    • Theology
    • Live question
      • Steve Batzer from Arkansas:
        • Asks about similarity of mitochondrial DNA of chimpanzees and humans
    • E–mail question
      • Tyler:
        • Question by Michael Shermer about having the Bible and science agree
      • Chuck:
        • Questions an article about similarities between the kangaroo genome and the human genome and common ancestry
      • David:
        • Asks about speculating that Paradise, Bosom of Abraham, Sheol, and Hades are separate universes in a level two multiverse

    Earth, Black Holes, and the Holocaust
    Creation Update #445
    Air date: 12-09-2008
    Dave Rogstad, Jeff Zweerink, and Kenneth Samples


    Bird In-Flight Brain Sleep Shows Design
    Creation Update #446
    Air date: 12-16-2008
    Hugh Ross, Jeff Zweeerink, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Similar design features in birds, mammals
        • T. Fuchs et al., "Daytime Micro-naps in a Nocturnal Migrant: an EEG Analysis," Biology Letters (November 5, 2008): 10.1098/rsbl.2008.0405.
      • How space and time work
    • Reasons Institute/ Reasons Academy with Dr. Bob Stuart
    • Call–in questions
      • Whitney from Chapel Hill, NC:
        • Question about the Cambrian Explosion
      • Bob from Salem, OR:
        • Is it possible to have rocky planets as large as our sun?
      • Randy from Collierville, TN :
        • In the Inflation Theory why couldn't energy within the universe expand right along with the space-time fabric of the universe?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Asks about speculating that Paradise, Bosom of Abraham, Sheol, and Hades are separate universes in a level two multiverse

    Last Universal Common Ancestor
    Creation Update #447
    Air date: 12/23/08
    Fuz Rana, Dave Rogstad, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Problems with high–temperature origin–of–life scenarios
        • Bastien Boussau et al., "Parallel Adaptations to High Temperatures in the Archaean Eon," Nature 456 (December 18, 2008): 942-45.
      • Biological cost–of–living analysis
      • Reasons Institute/ Reasons Academy with Dr. Bob Stuart
    • Call–in questions
      • Terry from Gastonia, NC:
        • Can creationists put onus on naturalists to provide evidence for their model?
        • Does the Bible indicate more about creation than perhaps we’ve noticed?
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • How do we know energy budgets are optimized?
        • Do molecular and morphological phylogenetic discrepancies argue for common design?
        • How do people choose their worldviews? Moral, intellectual, or other?
        • Resource
        • Question on human enzymes
      • Kenny from Pensacola, FL:
        • Does a new dinosaur fossil find, Epidexipteryx hui, predate Archaeopteryx and thus argue for feathered dinosaurs?
    • E–mail questions
      • Jeb R:
        • How was Noah and his family able to reproduce without having genetic defects from inbreeding?
      • Bob S:
        • Given conditions under which planets form, is it likely that there are planets in existence that are rocky like Earth but as large as a star, say, like our sun?

    Genetic Evidence for Design
    Creation Update #448
    Air date: 12/30/08
    Fuz Rana, Dave Rogstad, and Joe Aguirre

    • Discoveries
      • Primer on genetics
      • Alternative gene splicing
        • Eric T. Wang et al., "Alternative Isoform Regulation in Human Tissue Transcriptomes," Nature 456 (November 27, 2008): 470-76.
      • Optimization and information in the genetic code
        • Aline Bender, Parvana Hajieva, and Bernd Moosman, "Adaptive Antioxidant Methionine Accumulation in Respiratory Chain Complexes Explains the Use of a Deviant Genetic Code in Mitochondria," PNAS 105 (October 28, 2008): 16496-501.
    • Reasons Institute/Reasons Academy reminder
    • Call–in question
      • Roger from Portland, ME:
        • Comments on proposed new format for Creation Update
        • Why do we not see many organisms in the geological column (assuming a young-earth)?
        • Several questions regarding the Cambrian explosion
        • Do flat fish eyes show microevolutionary change?
    • E–mail question
      • Dave R.:
        • Can science make a synthetic seed that will grow? Has it ever been done?