Reasons to Believe

Wide Angle CMB Temperatures

TNRTB Archive - Retained for reference information

The largest angular scale temperature fluctuations (beyond angular scales of 60°) in the WMAP results are weaker than what a flat, spatially infinite universe model would predict. This property in the WMAP results would be well explained, however, by spatially finite universe models either in the shape of a higher dimensional donut (a 3-torus) or a dodecahedron. Such spatially finite universe models also predict some duplicate temperature fluctuation features would show up at smaller angular scales. An analysis of the WMAP data, however, fails to confirm such features. The next round of WMAP results may determine which of the competing big bang models is correct. In any event, the WMAP results for supernatural design in the cosmic density parameters still stands.

Jean-Pierre Luminet, et al, “Dodecahedral Space Topology as an Explanation for Weak-Angle Temperature Correlations in the Cosmic Microwave Background,” Nature, 425 (2003), pp. 593-595

George F. R. Ellis, “The Shape of the Universe,” Nature, 425 (2003), pp. 566-567

Charles Seife, “Polyhedral Model Gives the Universe an Unexpected Twist,” Science, 302 (2003), p. 209

Neil J. Cornish, et al, “Constraining the Topology of the Universe,” astro-ph/0310233, submitted to Physical Review Letters, 2003.

RTB video: Journey Toward Creation

RTB book: The Creator and the Cosmos, 3rd edition

Subjects: Universe Design

Dr. Hugh Ross

Reasons to Believe emerged from my passion to research, develop, and proclaim the most powerful new reasons to believe in Christ as Creator, Lord, and Savior and to use those new reasons to reach people for Christ. Read more about Dr. Hugh Ross.