Reasons to Believe

The First Stars

TNRTB Archive - Retained for reference information

New discoveries clarify the characteristics of the first stars and reveal new cosmic design evidence. The first stars are metal free and very massive. The number of such stars and the episode in which they form must be tightly constrained for galaxies to have the characteristics necessary for future life.

Keiichi Wada and Aparna Venkatesan, “Feedback from the First Supernovae in Protogalaxies: The Fate of the Generated Metals,” Astrophysical Journal, 591 (2003), pp. 38-42

Renyue Cen, “The Implications of Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe Observations for Population III Star Formation Processes,” Astrophysical Journal Letters, 591 (2003), pp. L5-L8

Renyue Cen, “The Universe Was Reionized Twice,” Astrophysical Journal, 591 (2003), pp. 12-37.


RTB articles: Anthropic Principle article in Facts for Faith

RTB video: Journey Toward Creation, 2nd edition

RTB book: The Creator and the Cosmos, 3rd edition; appendices in Lights in the Sky and Little Green Men

Subjects: Solar System Design

Dr. Hugh Ross

Reasons to Believe emerged from my passion to research, develop, and proclaim the most powerful new reasons to believe in Christ as Creator, Lord, and Savior and to use those new reasons to reach people for Christ. Read more about Dr. Hugh Ross.