In the same issue of the Astrophysical Journal in which Kurek and Szydlowski published their findings, a team of American and Korean astronomers presented their analysis of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) of galaxies and galaxy clusters that also produced a more specified history of the universe consistent with big bang cosmology.2 The specification yielded by their work, however, was quite different from Kurek and Szydlowski’s findings. Their research implies yet even more proof for the big bang creation model and, thus, for biblical cosmology and the biblical Creator.
The American-Korean team noted that the SDSS was now sufficiently extensive enough to measure the three-dimensional topology of the large-scale structures (the clustering of clusters of galaxies) of the universe. The team compared their measurement of this topology with three different computer simulations of the large-scale dynamics of the universe. These numerical simulations included 1.1, 8.6, and 10.0 test particles, respectively, making them the most detailed simulations of cosmic dynamics conducted to date. Each of them used a different method for modeling galaxy formation, thus providing an independent test of cosmic dynamics.
In simulating the topological map produced from the SDSS, each of the three different numerical methods provided strong support for the standard model of inflation. In this hot big bang inflationary scenario the universe arises from a creation event—a beginning where all matter, energy, space, and time is squished into an infinitesimal volume. The universe continuously expands from this beginning but undergoes a hyper-expansion episode when the universe is between 10-34 and 10-33 seconds old (the epoch when the strong nuclear forces separates itself from the force of electromagnetism and the weak nuclear force). The random quantum mechanical fluctuations in the very early universe grow to become the large-scale structures in the universe.
The research accomplished by American-Korean team complements the conclusions derived from the astrophysical research team that analyzed the five-year data release from the WMAP satellite’s measurements of the cosmic background radiation.3 These conclusions also demonstrated that the universe arose from an inflationary hot big bang creation event.
In narrowing the class of viable big bang creation models to just those that involve a very brief hyper-expansion episode when the universe is very young, astronomers have demonstrated a feature of scientific advance. The more they learn about the universe, both observationally and theoretically, the more specific and detailed a big bang creation model they are able to prove is consistent with their findings. In this context, the biblically predicted big bang creation model and the biblical Creator have passed yet another scientific test.
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