Reasons to Believe

Slow Merger History

A team of astronomers has discovered more evidence for supernatural cosmic design. They observed that galaxies in the vicinity of the Milky Way manifest a slow but measurable merger rate compared to galaxies located at great distances. This means that the merger rate in galaxies for the past few billion years is much less than it was for earlier times. A high and sustained merger rate in earlier times is necessary to foster the kind of star formation and ongoing buildup of heavy elements so that life could arise at the right time in cosmic history. A low merger rate in recent times is critical for ensuring that life is not totally and permanently wiped out. This discovery indicates supernatural foresight, planning, and design.


Kevin Bundy, et al, “A Slow Merger History of Field Galaxies Since z ~ 1,” Astrophysical Journal Letters, 601 (2004), pp. L123-L126.


RTB articles: Hugh Ross, “Anthropic Principle: A Precise Plan for Humanity,” Facts for Faith, quarter 1, 2002, issue 8, pp. 24-31.

RTB video: Journey Toward Creation, 2nd edition

RTB book: The Creator and the Cosmos, 3rd edition

Subjects: Galaxy Design

Dr. Hugh Ross

Reasons to Believe emerged from my passion to research, develop, and proclaim the most powerful new reasons to believe in Christ as Creator, Lord, and Savior and to use those new reasons to reach people for Christ. Read more about Dr. Hugh Ross.