Reasons to Believe

Sloan Galaxies

TNRTB Archive - Retained for reference information

As astronomers continue to study the sky, they discover more evidence for supernatural creation. Researchers used new measurements from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey to strengthen the evidence for the biblically predicted big bang creation event and for the supernatural design of the universe. They used accurate measurements in three dimensions of the positions, distances, and velocities of 205,000 galaxies to determine the cosmic mass density (sum of the ordinary matter density and the exotic matter density). They found that the total cosmic mass density was equal to 30 percent (with a 3 percent error bar) of the density required for a perfectly flat geometry universe. These results are remarkably consistent with those obtained from the Two-Degree Field Survey, the WMAP satellite, type Ia supernova measurements, and the x-ray profiles of large, dynamically relaxed galaxy clusters. This measurement confirms an important prediction of the big bang creation model and demonstrates a level of cosmic fine-tuning at least 1037 times superior to the best example of human engineering design.

     Max Tegmark et al., “The Three-Dimensional Power Spectrum of Galaxies From the Sloan Digital Sky Survey,” Astrophysical Journal 606 (2004): 702-40.


     Adrian C. Pope et al., “Cosmological Parameters from Eigenmode Analysis of Sloan Digital Sky Survey Galaxy Redshifts,” Astrophysical Journal 607 (2004): 655-60.


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Subjects: Galaxy Design

Dr. Hugh Ross

Reasons to Believe emerged from my passion to research, develop, and proclaim the most powerful new reasons to believe in Christ as Creator, Lord, and Savior and to use those new reasons to reach people for Christ. Read more about Dr. Hugh Ross.