In 1989 John Maddox, the physics editor for the prestigious journal, Nature, wrote an editorial entitled, “Down With the Big Bang,” in which he (a self-declared atheist) predicted that the big bang theory would not survive even the initial observations coming from the Hubble Space Telescope. In 1990 the Institute for Creation Research also predicted that the big bang explanation for cosmic origins would die soon - before the close of the twentieth century. Meanwhile Reasons To Believe scholars, with an eye to biblical statements about the origin and development of the universe, predicted that evidence for the big bang would grow. The table below demonstrates how the big bang set of models has fared since 1990.
Scientific Evidences for Big Bang Fundamentals
This list briefly highlights recent evidence for the big bang, specifically for three of its major features (all addressed in the Bible): the singularity of its origin, continuous cosmic expansion, and continuous cosmic cooling. For a more complete list with more extensive descriptions, explanations, and references see The Creator and the Cosmos, 3rd edition (NavPress, 2001). References to relevant discoveries or announcement papers since the book’s publication are included in this table.
 Allan Sandage and Lori M. Lubin, “The Tolman Surface Brightness Test for the Reality of the Expansion. I. Calibration of the Necessary Local Parameters, Astronomical Journal, 121 (2001), p. 2271; Lori M. Lubin and Allan Sandage, “The Tolman Surface Brightness Test for the Reality of the Expansion. II. The Effect of the Point-Spread Function and Galaxy Ellipticity on the Derived Photometric Parameters, Astronomical Journal, 121 (2001), pp. 2289-2300; Lori M. Lubin and Allan Sandage, “The Tolman Surface Brightness Test for the Reality of the Expansion. III. Hubble Space Telescope Profile and Surface Brightness Data for Early-Type Galaxies in Three High-Redshift Clusters,” Astronomical Journal, 122 (2001), pages 1071-1083; Lori M. Lubin and Allan Sandage, “The Tolman Surface Brightness Test for the Reality of the Expansion. IV. A Measurement of the Tolman Signal and the Luminosity Evolution of Early-Type Galaxies,” Astronomical Journal, 122 (2001), pages 1084-1103.
 B. Leibundgut, et al, “Time Dilation in the Light Curve of the Distant Type Ia Supernova SN 1995K,” Astrophysical Journal Letters, 466 (1996), pages L21-L24; A. G. Riess, et al, “Time Dilation from Spectral Feature Age Measurements of Type Ia Supernovae,” Astronomical Journal, 114 (1997), pages 722-729; Garson Goldhaber, et al, “Observation of Cosmological Time Dilation Using Type Ia Supernovae as Clocks,” in Thermonuclear Supernovae, Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, held in Begur, Girona, Spain, June 20-30, 1995, edited by P. Ruiz-LaPuente, R. Canal, and J. Isern (Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997), Series C, volume 486, pages 777-784; G. Goldhaber, et al, “Timescale Stretch Parameterization of Type Ia Supernova B-Band Light Curves,” Astrophysical Journal, 558 (2001), pages 359-368.
 Matias Zaldarriaga, “Background Comes to the Fore,” Nature, 420 (2002), pages 747-748; E. M. Leitch, et al, “Measurement of Polarization with the Degree Angular Scale Interferometer,” Nature, 420 (2002), pages 763-771; J. M. Kovac, et al, “Detection of Polarization in the Cosmic Microwave Background Using DASI,” Nature, 420 (2002), pages 772-787.
Subjects: Big Bang, Origin of the Universe, TCM - Cosmic Design, TCM - Origin of the Universe, Universe Design
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