Reasons to Believe

Origin of Elements #4

TNRTB Archive - Retained for reference information

Astronomers have discovered another reason for why the number and type of gamma-ray burst events throughout cosmic history must be fine-tuned for advanced life to be possible. They found that the vigorous winds blown out from gamma-ray events contribute appreciably to the total galactic inventories of titanium, copper, zinc, and scandium. Copper and zinc are vital poisons, meaning that either too much or too little of these metals in the environment proves fatal to advanced life. Titanium and scandium have valued industrial applications. To get copper, zinc, titanium, and scandium at the just-right levels for advanced life requires that the number and type of gamma-ray burst events be carefully fine-tuned. Such fine-tuning adds to the evidence for supernatural design.

Jason Pruet, Rebecca Surman, and Gail C. McLaughlin, “On the Contribution of Gamma-Ray Bursts to the Galactic Inventory of Some Intermediate-Mass Nuclei,” Astrophysical Journal Letters, 602 (2004), pp. L101-L104.


RTB articles: Hugh Ross, “Anthropic Principle: A Precise Plan for Humanity,” Facts for Faith, quarter 1, 2002, issue 8, pp. 24-31.

RTB video: Journey Toward Creation, 2nd edition

RTB book: The Creator and the Cosmos, 3rd edition

Subjects: Universe Design

Dr. Hugh Ross

Reasons to Believe emerged from my passion to research, develop, and proclaim the most powerful new reasons to believe in Christ as Creator, Lord, and Savior and to use those new reasons to reach people for Christ. Read more about Dr. Hugh Ross.