Reasons to Believe

New Atlas of Spiral Galaxies

TNRTB Archive - Retained for reference information

Astronomers used the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph to confirm that spiral galaxies indeed have lower mass black holes in their nuclei than do elliptical galaxies. The team also discovered that certain features of spiral galaxies affect the mass of the central black hole. This implies that life is only possible in a spiral galaxy and that a life-supportable spiral galaxy must manifest specific features.

M. A. Hughes, et al, “An Atlas of Hubble Space Telescope Spectra and Images of Nearby Spiral Galaxies,” Astronomical Journal, 126 (2003), pp. 742-761.


RTB articles: Anthropic Principle article in Facts for Faith

RTB video: Journey Toward Creation, 2nd edition

RTB book: The Creator and the Cosmos, 3rd edition

Subjects: Galaxy Design

Dr. Hugh Ross

Reasons to Believe emerged from my passion to research, develop, and proclaim the most powerful new reasons to believe in Christ as Creator, Lord, and Savior and to use those new reasons to reach people for Christ. Read more about Dr. Hugh Ross.