Reasons to Believe

Fluorine Sources in Globular Clusters Offer No Help

TNRTB Archive - Retained for reference information

Recent studies of globular clusters (dense clusters of stars) provide additional evidence for the work of a Divine Designer in the formation of the solar system. Fluorine is a life-essential element that is difficult to produce by astrophysical processes. One place it has been found is in red giant stars in the globular cluster M4. Researchers show that fluorine production decreases as star mass increases. However, stellar lifetimes increase as star mass decreases. These two results constrain the types of red giant stars that can produce fluorine. These stars must produce ample fluorine, but they must do so in a short enough time to enrich the solar nebula with the fluorine scientists have measured. Fine-tuned processes reveal the signature of a supernatural Designer who prepared a fit habitat for life to flourish.

o   Verne V. Smith et al., “Fluorine Abundance Variations in Red Giants of the Globular Cluster M4 and Early-Cluster Chemical Pollution,” Astrophysical Journal 633 (2005): 392-97.


·         Related Resource

o   Fine-Tuning for Life On Earth (Updated June 2004)

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o   Origins of Life, by Fazale Rana and Hugh Ross

Subjects: Solar System Design

Dr. Hugh Ross

Reasons to Believe emerged from my passion to research, develop, and proclaim the most powerful new reasons to believe in Christ as Creator, Lord, and Savior and to use those new reasons to reach people for Christ. Read more about Dr. Hugh Ross.