Reasons to Believe

Europan Life

TNRTB Archive - Retained for reference information

Two astronomers put a damper on the possibility of life inside (the outside is inhospitable) of Jupiter’s satellite, Europa. This moon has been proposed as an evolutionary candidate for the emergence of life beyond Earth. They point out that Europa’s primordial ocean most likely was sulfidic and, therefore, that sulfur beds several kilometers thick could exist inside Europa. Such sulfur would totally frustrate both the origin and survivability of life in Europa. Scientific advance continues to provide no data for the well-funded discipline of astrobiology, but abundant data for supernatural creation.

William B. McKinnon and Michael E. Zolensky, “Sulfate Content of Europa’s Ocean and Shell: Evolutionary Considerations and Some Geological and Astrobiological Implications,” Astrobiology, 3 (2003), pp. 879-897.;/15311074/v3n4/s18/p879


RTB books: The Creator and the Cosmos, 3rd edition

Subjects: Earth/Moon Design

Dr. Hugh Ross

Reasons to Believe emerged from my passion to research, develop, and proclaim the most powerful new reasons to believe in Christ as Creator, Lord, and Savior and to use those new reasons to reach people for Christ. Read more about Dr. Hugh Ross.