Reasons to Believe

Early Quintessence

TNRTB Archive - Retained for reference information

In combining the WMAP cosmic background radiation results with the distribution of galaxies seen in the Two-Degree Field Galaxy Redshift Survey, astronomers discovered early quintessence. That is, they found that dark energy has at least two components: one that hyper-expands the universe when it is old and another that hyper-expands the universe when it is young. This finding adds another design feature to cosmic creation and the development of the stars needed for eventual life. 

Robert R. Caldwell, et al, “Early Quintessence in Light of the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe,” Astrophysical Journal Letters, 591 (2003), pp. L75-L78.

RTB article: Facts for Faith articles on the big bang

RTB book: The Creator and the Cosmos, third edition

Subjects: Universe Design

Dr. Hugh Ross

Reasons to Believe emerged from my passion to research, develop, and proclaim the most powerful new reasons to believe in Christ as Creator, Lord, and Savior and to use those new reasons to reach people for Christ. Read more about Dr. Hugh Ross.