Reasons to Believe

Early Massive Galaxies

TNRTB Archive - Retained for reference information

A recent discovery of apparently old galaxies in the young universe may seem to some to challenge the biblically consistent big bang creation models. In truth, this discovery of well-developed galaxies at a time when the universe was young adds a new feature to the most popular big bang creation models. This feature will probably add significant new evidence for the supernatural design of the cosmos for the benefit of human life.  European astronomers made the first direct measurements of the abundance of massive galaxies at great distances. They found that while two-thirds of massive galaxies completed their mass accumulation after the universe was six billion years old, one-third were already fully formed by this time. This observation implies that the merging of small galaxies to make much larger galaxies accounts for only two-thirds of all massive galaxies. The other massive galaxies must have formed quickly from large mass concentrations in the early universe. This combination of two different pathways for forming massive galaxies, one quick and the other slow, provides a fine-tuned neighborhood of galaxy companions for the Milky Way Galaxy that allows the Milky Way Galaxy to continuously sustain life on Earth for nearly four billion years. Such exceptional longevity of life is a crucial requirement for human existence and civilization.

·         Karl Glazebrook et al., “A High Abundance of Massive Galaxies 3-6 Billion Years After the Big Bang,” Nature 430 (2004): 181-84.


·         A. Cimatti et al., “Old Galaxies in the Young Universe,” Nature 430 (2004): 184-87.


·         Gregory D. Wirth, “Old Before Their Time,” Nature 430 (2004): 149-50.

·; doi:10.1038/430149a

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Subjects: Galaxy Design

Dr. Hugh Ross

Reasons to Believe emerged from my passion to research, develop, and proclaim the most powerful new reasons to believe in Christ as Creator, Lord, and Savior and to use those new reasons to reach people for Christ. Read more about Dr. Hugh Ross.