Reasons to Believe

Cosmic Metal Reservoirs

TNRTB Archive - Retained for reference information

New measurements of metals in the intra-galaxy-cluster medium validate an important design feature for the universe. Scientists found that protogroups and protoclusters of galaxies provide the most significant reservoirs of metals in the early universe. The slow release of these metals into galaxies for forming stars and planets permits the just-right stars and planets needed for life to form at the just-right time in cosmic history.

A. Finoguenov, A. Burkert, and H. Böhringer, “Role of Clusters of Galaxies in the Evolution of the Metal Budget in the Universe,” Astrophysical Journal, 594 (2003), pp. 136-143.


RTB article: Facts for Faith articles on the anthropic principle

RTB book: The Creator and the Cosmos, third edition

Subjects: Universe Design

Dr. Hugh Ross

Reasons to Believe emerged from my passion to research, develop, and proclaim the most powerful new reasons to believe in Christ as Creator, Lord, and Savior and to use those new reasons to reach people for Christ. Read more about Dr. Hugh Ross.