TNRTB Archive - Retained for reference information
Articles in Science show that in certain species of birds and lizards helpers who are not the offspring of the parents from previous years do provide care for young that are not their own. The origin and development of such altruistic behavior by distant relatives and in some cases even by non-relatives provides a severe challenge to Darwinian evolution but is fully expected from a biblical creation perspective.
Vittorio Baglione, et al, “Kin Selection in Cooperative Alliances of Carrion Crows,” Science, 300 (2003), pp. 1947-1949; Barry Sinervo and Jean Clobert, “Morphs, Dispersal Behavior, Genetic Similarity, and the Evolution of Cooperation,” Science, 300 (2003), pp. 1949-1051; Janis L. Dickinson and Walter D. Koenig, “Desperately Seeking Similarity,” Science, 300 (2003), pp. 1887-1889.
Fuz’s articles on biological convergence and my articles on symbiotic relationships among ants, fungi, and bacteria